He claimed that original man, while solitary, was happy, good and free.
Rousseau described his civil society as united by a general will, furthering the common interest while occasionally clashing with personal interest.
Increasingly unhappy in Paris, Rousseau travelled to Montmorency.
While there, he produced 'Èmile', a treatise on education and 'The New Eloise' (1761).
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva on 28 June 1712.
His mother died when he was young, and Rousseau was initially brought up by his father, a watchmaker.
He left Geneva aged 16 and travelled around France, where he met his benefactress, the Baronnesse de Warens, who gave him the education that turned him into a philosopher.Rousseau reached Paris in 1742 and soon met Denis Diderot, another provincial man seeking literary fame.They formed the core of the intellectual group, the 'Philosophes'.Eschewing an easy life as a popular composer, in 1750 he published his first important work 'A Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts' (1750).Its central theme was that man had become corrupted by society and civilisation.In 1755, he published 'Discourse on the Origin of Inequality'.