Barcelona is the capital and largest city of Catalonia and Spain's second largest city, with a population of over one and half million people (over five million in the whole province).
For visitors, this has translated into the very modern, yet incredibly old city you see now in the 21st century, where the new elements work to both preserve and celebrate the ancient.
This beautiful city is full of what European cities are known for (outdoor markets, restaurants, shops, museums and churches) and is fantastic for walking with an extensive and reliable Metro system for more far-flung destinations.
The core centre of town, focused around the Ciutat Vella ("Old City") provides days of enjoyment for those looking to experience the life of Barcelona while the beaches the city was built upon provide sun and relaxation during the long periods of agreeably warm weather.
Ciutat Vella (the Old City), is indeed the oldest part of the city and is numbered as District Number One.
It is located in a central position on the Mediterranean coast and is the top tourist magnet of the city.
Top attractions in Ciutat Vella include: the Medieval architecture of the Barri Gotic neighborhood, the Contemporary Art Museum of Barcelona in Raval and the Naval Museum at the end of the entertainment-filled walking path known as Las Rambles.
Eixample is known as the "Modernist Quarter" for its imposing Modernistic buildings such as the Casa Mila, the Temple Expiatori and the local district hall.
The district's street-grid is extremely strict, being divided into square blocks with widened streets at every intersection to allow for greater visibility.
Gràcia is located in north-central Barcelona just north of Eixample.
It was originally a separate city, which was founded in 1626 as the Our Lady of Grace Convent.
It joined Barcelona only in the 20th Century and maintains an ambiance of its own Sants-Montjuïc is located along the Mediterranean on the southern edge of Barcelona.